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Current Affairs -9th January 2023

1 ) Home Minister Amit Shah inaugurated & laid the foundation stone of 21 development projects at Moirang, Manipur

• Union Minister Amit Shah, Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), inaugurated and laid the foundation stone of 21 development projects worth Rs 1,311 crore in Moirang, Manipur.
• He unveiled the 165-feet tall tricolor at the historic ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ Headquarters at Moirang, which is the tallest national flag in the entire North East region.
• Moirang is a town in Manipur that was liberated from British colonial rule by the Indian Nation Army under Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.
• He also inaugurated a 122 feet tall statue of a polo player at a cost of Rs 39 crore in Marjing Polo Complex in Imphal East.
• He inaugurated Churachandpur Medical College in the Churachandpur district. It is the first-ever medical college constructed in the hill district of Manipur.

2 ) NHA Introduces New System to Evaluate and Grade Hospitals Empanelled under AB PM-JAY Scheme

The National Health Authority (NHA) is establishing a new system to measure and grade hospital performance as part of the flagship scheme Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB PM-JAY).

Key points:

• Value-based care has the potential to greatly enhance the healthcare landscape in India by incentivizing and encouraging healthcare providers to focus more on providing patient-centric services.
• The beneficiaries would be able to make informed decisions by having access to the hospitals’ performance based on the indicators via a public dashboard.
• The quality-of-care interventions will transform AB PMJAY and the Indian health system from a volume-based to a value-based health-care delivery system.
• The interventions include performance assessment, value-based incentives, the use of health technology assessment, and the use of digital tools.
• Consequently, the hospital’s performance will determine its financial incentive, creating a demand for quality treatment among PMJAY beneficiaries.

3 ) Kerala becomes India’s 1st State with Full Digital Banking Service

Kerala has become the first state in India to go fully digital in its banking service. It was declared by the Chief Minister (CM) of Kerala, Pinarayi Vijayan during an event. Kerala also received three ‘Digital India’ awards for the advancement in the digital sector viz. silver medal for Ksheerashree portal, platinum award for Digital Workforce Management System, and gold medal for District Administration of Kottayam. It should be noted that Kerala is the only State in India that has declared ‘the right to Internet’ as a basic right of its citizens.

Key points:

• This achievement was driven by social interventions through local self-government institutions along with infrastructure development and technological advances in the banking sector.
• The Kerala Fibre Optic Network (K-FON) project of the state government, which is almost 90% completed, will reduce the digital divide.
• It is a joint venture between the Kerala State Information Technology Infrastructure Ltd (KSITIL), Kerala State Electricity Board (KSEB) and the state, in which the two companies hold 49% each and the state the remaining 2%.
• A consortium led by Bharat Electronics Ltd (BEL) is executing the project and will be responsible for the operation and maintenance of the 35,000-km-long network for the next 7 years.
• Funded by the Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Board (KIIFB), its outlay is Rs 1,028.20 crore.
• The K-FON will ensure internet facility to everyone in the state and a 17,155 km-long optic fibre cable network has been laid.
• Once the project gets completed, the internet will be available to everyone in the state either for a cheaper price or for free-of-cost.
• The state government created an Economic Offences Wing in the state police to tackle such cyber crimes.

4 ) India’s 1st Coal Gasification-Based Talcher Fertilizer Plant to be Ready in Odisha by 2024

Dr Mansukh Mandaviya, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare and Chemicals and Fertilisers, announced that India’s largest and 1st coal gasification-based Talcher Fertiliser Project in Odisha will be ready to be dedicated to India by October 2024. Dr Mansukh Mandaviya reviewed the progress of work at the plant site of Talcher Fertilizers Limited (TFL) at Angul, Odisha. Dharmendra Pradhan, Minister of Education of India was also present on the occasion.

Key points:

• To revive the former Talcher plant of Fertilizer Corporation of India Limited (FCIL) by setting up new coal gasification the government approved an installed capacity of 12.7 lakh Metric tonnes per year (LMTPA) to TFL.
• The project will help achieve the stated goal of gasifying 100 MT (Metric Tonnes) of coal by 2030 since it encourages coal gasification.
• Ramagundam, Gorakhpur, Sindri, and Barauni Fertilizer Plants are the 4 of the 5 plants that have already begun producing urea in India, and Talcher Plant is expected to start by September 2024.
• The urea plant, which is being built at an estimated cost of Rs 17,000 crore, will help Indian farmers in addition to creating jobs and helping the local economy.

5 ) International Kite Festival 2023 Begins In Ahmedabad, Gujarat

Governor Acharya Devvrat inaugurated the International Kite Festival 2023 at Sabarmati Riverfront in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. The festival is organised by Gujarat Tourism on the G20 theme of ‘One Earth, One Family, One Future’. Apart from Ahmedabad, the International Kite festival will also be organised in Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot, Dwarka, Somnath, Dhordo, and Kevadia.
• This festival will promote India’s G-20 presidency and more than 800 kite flyers from across India and the world will participate and display their unique creations during the festival.
• In 2023, kite enthusiasts from different countries will fly Kites at the same time in an attempt to create a Guinness World Record for the maximum number of kite flyers.

6 ) Nikkei Asia Report: India Surpasses Japan to Become the World’s 3rd Largest Auto Market

According to the Nikkei Asia report, India surpassed Japan as the world’s third-largest auto market in 2022. According to preliminary results, India’s new vehicle sales were at 4.25 million units, surpassing Japan’s 4.2 million units. China remained the global leader in automobile sales in 2021, with 26.27 million units, followed by the United States (US) in second place with 15.4 million vehicles and Japan in third place with 4.44 million units.

Key points:

• The Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers estimated that 4.13 million new cars were delivered in India between January and November 2022.
• When the December 2022 sales volume reported by Maruti Suzuki, India’s largest carmaker, is added, the total rises to almost 4.25 million vehicles.
• The figure is expected to rise further with the inclusion of pending fourth-quarter sales figures for commercial vehicles, along with year-end results yet to be released by Tata Motors and some automakers.
• In 2018, around 4.4 million vehicles were sold in India, but the volume dipped below 4 million in 2019, due primarily to the credit crunch that hit the nonbank sector.
• The sales further plummeted below the 3 million-unit mark as the COVID-19 pandemic associated lockdown in 2020.
• In 2021, sales rebounded to nearly 4 million units, but a lack of automotive chips inhibited growth.
• With 1.4 billion people, India is predicted to surpass China in population sometime in 2023 and keep rising until the early 2060s.

7 ) Adar Poonawalla received 1st Dr Patangrao Kadam Memorial Award

Adar Poonawalla, Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Serum Institute of India (SII), was conferred with the 1st Dr Patangrao Kadam Memorial Award for the contribution to the fight against COVID-19 at the inauguration of the Bharati Super Specialty Hospital at Bharati Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra.

Key points:

• Sharad Pawar, Chief of the Nationalist Congress Party, Sukhvinder Singh Sukhu, Chief Minister (CM) of Himachal Pradesh and Devendra Fadnavis, deputy CM graced the event.
• Dr Patangrao Kadam Memorial Award was established in memory of Patangrao Kadam, a leader who created 190 institutes to provide quality education and create quality human resources.

8 ) DRDO Develops UAV for Operations in Himalayan Frontier

• Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has developed an untethered multi-copter payload, an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), that aims to carry out logistic operations in the Himalayan frontier. The UAV is capable of flying with a 5 kg to 25 Kg payload and is also used to drop bombs in enemy territories and medicines for soldiers who are deployed at high altitudes or war zones.
• This was displayed by the DRDO at the 108th Indian Science Congress, which was held between 3rd January – 7th January 2023 in Nagpur, Maharashtra and will be ready for induction in the Armed Forces after the trials.

9 ) 5th Khelo India Youth Games 2022: Mascots, Smart Torch, Theme Song Unveiled

Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh (MP) Shivraj Singh Chouhan and Union Minister of State (MoS) Nisith Pramanik, Ministry for Youth Affairs and Sports (MoYAS) unveiled the Mascots, Smart Torch, Theme Song of the 5th edition of Khelo India Youth Games (KIYG) 2022 during an event in Bhopal, MP. KIYG 2022 will be hosted by MP from January 30 to February 11, 2023, in MP’s Bhopal, Indore, Ujjain, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Mandla, Balaghat and Khargone (Maheshwar).

Key points:

• The CM also announced that the players from MP who will win medals in the Olympics and Asian Games would be appointed to the post of deputy superintendent of police (DSP) and deputy collector.
• Teams or players who perform well and win the medals in Khelo India will be given Rs 5 lakh annually for coaching purposes.
• For the first time water sports viz. kayaking and canoeing, canoe slalom and rowing, as well as fencing, will be part of KIYG.
• A total of 27 games will be played across 23 game venues in 9 cities.
• Around 6000 players, 303 international and 1089 national officials will participate.

10 ) M S Dhoni Releases Autobiography of Prof. K.K. Abdul Gaffar

• Former Indian cricket captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni releases the autobiography of the Technoeducationalist,
Professor K.K. Abdul Gaffar, ‘Njaan Sakshi’ (me as the witness), at a grand function organised in Kasaragod, Kerala.
• The first copy was received by Marwan Al Mulla, the CEO of Dubai Health Authority (DHA), from M S Dhoni. He also presented copies of the book to dignitaries including actor Tovino Thomas present at the occasion.
• Senior Supreme Court Attorney and son of Kapil Sibal, Akhil Sibal, Former Union Minister Salim Iqbal Sherwani, Uduma MLA, C.H. Kunhambu, Kasaragod MLA, N.A. Nellikkunnu, Mangaluru City South MLA Vedavyas Kamath, participated in the event.

11 ) Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas – 9th January 2023

Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas (PBD), also known as the “Non-Resident Indian (NRI) Day” is annually celebrated across India on 9th January to highlight the importance of the contribution of the Overseas Indian community to the development of India.

Key points:

• The tradition of celebrating Pravasi Bharatiya Divas (PBD) on 9th January started in 2003.
• The day, 9th January, commemorates the return of Mahatma Gandhi from South Africa to India in 1915.
• The first ever Pravasi Bharatiya Divas was observed on 9th January 2003.
• PBD Convention is a flagship event of the government of India that offers a platform to engage and connect with overseas Indians and to enable the diaspora to interact with each other.
• 2023 marks the 17th PBD Convention.
• 17th PBD Convention from 8th to 10th January 2023 in Indore, Madhya Pradesh, is organised in partnership with the government of Madhya Pradesh.
• The theme of the 17th PBD Convention is “Diaspora: Reliable partners for India’s progress in Amrit Kaal”.

12 ) UP govt launched UP Global City campaign to make urban bodies on par with global standards

The Uttar Pradesh (UP) Government launched a statewide 100-day ‘UP Global City’ campaign to transform the lifestyles of urban bodies of UP on par with global standards. The campaign was launched by Arvind Kumar Sharma, Minister of Urban Development, the government of UP. The 100-day ‘UP Global City’ campaign has been launched in all 762 urban bodies of UP.

Key points:

• The UP Global City campaign was launched ahead of the Global Investor Summit which will begin on 10th February 2023 and conclude on 12th February 2023 in Lucknow, UP.
• The Global Investors Summit will be organised in UP in February 2023 and thousands of individuals, including heads of state, diplomats, administrators, rulers, businesspeople, and other dignitaries, will attend G-20 (Group of Twenty) events.
• Global Investors Summit, a 3-day long summit, will begin at Lucknow (UP) from 10 to 12 February 2023.
• In addition to ‘UP Global City’, other similar campaigns being carried out by the Uttar Pradesh government include the Swachh Dhaba campaign, the Swachh Virasat Abhiyan, etc.
• “Swachh Dhaba” Campaign, a 3-month programme, is being run from January to March 2023 for the purpose of cleaning up dhabas, restaurants, hotels and other small ‘gumtis’ in UP.
• A door-to-door garbage collection campaign in Up will be launched from February 1 to March 31, 2023.
• On 21st January 2023, a marathon race will be organised in the context of the G-20 conference.

13 ) Osmanabad District Court Becomes First Court in Maharashtra to Introduce E-system of Functioning

Osmanabad District Court became the first court in Maharashtra to introduce an e-system of functioning, under which, all the court-related work including filing, payment and other court services can be done through the mobile app or through online mode.
• This E-system was inaugurated by the Bombay High Court, Aurangabad bench’s Judge and Osmanabad Guardian Judge, Arun Pednekar.
• The library of the court has also been converted into digital mode. The courts of all talukas of Osmanabad district are working on the e-system and 500 lawyers in the district have already registered for the new e-system.

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